A Thing of Beauty - About the poet, Word Meanings, Summary, Theme, Rhyme Scheme | Class 12 English Flamingo Poem

A Thing of Beauty

About the Poet

John Keats was an English Romantic poet who lived during the 19th century. He was born in London in 1795 and started writing poetry in his early teens. Despite facing many personal hardships and financial struggles throughout his life, Keats went on to become one of the most famous poets of his time.

Keats is known for his vivid and sensory descriptions of nature and his exploration of human emotions and experiences. He was a master of language and used a range of poetic techniques to create rich, complex, and beautiful poems.

"A Thing of Beauty" is one of Keats' most famous poems, an example of his Romantic style. In the poem, Keats celebrates the beauty and power of nature, and he suggests that beauty can bring joy and solace to our lives. The poem is a tribute to the transformative power of art and the natural world, and it encourages readers to appreciate the beauty in the world around us.

Word Meaning

  • Loveliness: the quality of being beautiful or attractive.
  • Nothingness: the state of being nothing; emptiness.
  • Bower: a pleasant shady place under trees or climbing plants.
  • Morrow: the next day; the future.
  • Wreathing: twisting or curling around something.
  • Spite of despondence: in spite of feeling discouraged or hopeless.
  • Dearth: scarcity; lack of something.
  • O'er-darkened ways: paths or roads that are overly dark or gloomy.
  • Pall: a covering that darkens or obscures.
  • Sprouting: starting to grow or develop.
  • Shady boon: a pleasant gift or blessing of shade.
  • Daffodils: a type of flower with yellow or white petals and a trumpet-shaped centre.
  • Rills: small streams of water.
  • Covert: a hiding place; a sheltered or secluded spot.
  • Brake: a thicket or dense group of bushes.
  • Musk-rose: a type of rose with a strong, sweet fragrance.
  • Blooms: flowers; the state of flowering or blossoming.
  • Grandeur: the quality of being magnificent or impressive, especially in appearance or style.
  • Dooms: fates or destinies.
  • Heaven's brink: the edge or border of heaven; the limit or boundary of what is divine or perfect.

Short Summary

"A Thing of Beauty" is a poem by John Keats that celebrates the power and beauty of nature. In the poem, Keats suggests that beauty is a constant source of joy and inspiration in our lives. He describes how even a glimpse of a beautiful object or scene can lift our spirits and fill us with a sense of wonder and awe.

Keats argues that beauty is not just a physical quality, but also a spiritual one. He suggests that beauty has the power to heal our souls and bring us closer to a state of happiness and contentment. In the poem, Keats writes that "a thing of beauty is a joy forever," suggesting that the joy we experience from beauty is enduring and can never be taken away from us. 

Throughout the poem, Keats uses vivid and sensory language to describe the beauty of nature. He writes about the "sunburnt mirth" of the earth, the "azure skies," and the "tangled green" of the forest. His descriptions evoke a sense of awe and wonder in the reader, and they suggest that the beauty of the natural world is something we should cherish and celebrate.

Ultimately, "A Thing of Beauty" is a celebration of the power and importance of beauty in our lives. It encourages us to take the time to appreciate the beauty in the world around us and to find joy and solace in the natural world.

Poetic Devices

Here are some of the poetic devices used in John Keats' poem "A Thing of Beauty":

  1. Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as in "shade of the boughs" and "sweet dreams."
  2. Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds, such as in "deep-delved" and "fostered."
  3. Metaphor: a comparison between two unlike things without using the words "like" or "as," such as "beauty is a joy forever" and "beauty is truth."
  4. Personification: giving human characteristics to non-human things, such as in "The sun, the moon, the stars, the seas, the hills and the plains" are said to "look upon them with a settled joy."
  5. Imagery: the use of sensory details to create a vivid picture in the reader's mind, such as "azure skies" and "tangled green."
  6. Simile: a comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as," such as "like the sun" and "like a rose."
  7. Repetition: the repetition of words or phrases, such as "beauty is" and "joy forever."
  8. Hyperbole: exaggeration for effect, such as "A thing of beauty is a joy forever."

Rhyme Scheme

The rhyme scheme of the poem "A Thing of Beauty" is ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. The first and second lines of each stanza rhyme (ABAB), as do the third and fourth lines (CDCD) and the fifth and sixth lines (EFEF). The final two lines of the poem rhyme with each other (GG). This rhyme scheme is known as a Shakespearean sonnet, which is a 14-line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.


The theme of the poem is the power and importance of beauty in our lives. Keats argues that beauty has the ability to bring joy and happiness to our lives and that it is a constant source of comfort and inspiration, even in difficult times. He suggests that beauty can be found in nature, in art, and in the human spirit, and that it has the power to transcend the limitations of time and space. The poem celebrates the beauty of the world and encourages us to appreciate and cherish it as a vital part of our existence

NCERT Solutions

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Other Chapters from English Flamingo - Poetry

About the poet, Word Meaning, Summary, Explanation, Theme, Poetic Devices, Rhyme Scheme, NCERT Question Answers

Poem 1. My Mother at Sixty-six
Poem 2. Keeping Quiet
Poem 3. A Thing of Beauty
Poem 4.
Poem 5.

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